Wisdom teeth are the final teeth to come into an adult’s mouth. When they come in, many people do not have room in their mouth for theses extra four teeth; their jaws are too small. Many people between the ages of 17 and 21 find themselves requiring the removal of their wisdom teeth in order to prevent pain, infection, or other dental complications in the future.
Not counting wisdom teeth, adults with a full set of teeth will have 28 teeth; 14 top teeth and 14 bottom teeth. When we do count wisdom teeth, a full adult set will be 32 teeth in adults; 16 top teeth and 16 bottom teeth.
Because of the lack of sufficient space, wisdom teeth try their best to come into the mouth in any direction that they can: angled or even sideways. Often, these wisdom teeth get stuck under the jaw bone or gums, and need to be removed.
Sometimes, these wisdom teeth try coming into the mouth at such a destructive angle, that they pose a risk for the adjacent second molars. This may also be a reason for these teeth to be removed from your mouth.
The growth of your wisdom teeth may cause you pain or discomfort. This is a sign that your jaw should be examined, and that you may need your wisdom teeth to be taken out.
Wisdom teeth that are improperly positioned in the mouth can cause multiple problems locally and to other important teeth in your mouth. When wisdom teeth partially come into the mouth (partial eruption) a flap of gums (opulerculum) may remain over a section of the tooth.
Food and debris becomes stuck in the pocket of gums and it becomes a great breeding ground for oral bacteria. This can cause not only cavities, but also bad breath; and a painful infection (pericorinitis). Swelling, tumors or cysts may also develop in your jaw surrounding the impacted wisdom tooth. Wisdom tooth extraction (removal) can both prevent the above mentioned problems, and eliminate these problems once they have already started.
Your dentist, Dr. Shmuel Katz, will examine your mouth. He will check your wisdom teeth, the adjacent teeth, as well as your bite.
A panoramic, digital x-ray (panorex) will need to be taken in order to evaluate the angulation and position of the roots of your wisdom teeth, as well as their proximity to vital structures, such as your maxillary sinus and inferior alveolar nerve. Early treatment has been shown to advance healing.
When we remove wisdom teeth, your oral health and comfort is our utmost priority! Call to schedule a consultation or just to speak with our surgeon, or just fill out the contact form and click Send.
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